Mapping Londoners: Born in New Zealand

The most likely place you’ll find someone asking the way to the nearest dairy is in Wandsworth. Wandsworth is not an agricultural community but it is home to the largest number New Zealand born Londoners, and that’s what Kiwis call a convenience store.

There are 29.000 New Zealand born residents and they largely live cheek by jowl with Australians in the capital. Like Australians they are city-loving folk with 66% living in the inner boroughs. The 4 most popular boroughs for New Zealanders are Wandsworth, Hammersmith and Fulham, Lambeth and Westminster, as they are for Australians.

Born in New Zealand

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From centre to the suburbs: the outward drift of Londoners

High panoramaThere has been much discussion in the media recently of the so-called exodus from London. As reported by Urbs, this is not a new phenomenon. And the trend that is less noted is how Londoners move around the capital.

Data from the Office for National Statistics on the movement of children between boroughs reveals how families are moving from central London in an outward pattern that may be a precursor to a move out of the capital. At the same time new Londoners, often from overseas, are arriving in the central areas of the city.

Urbs looked at the data for 1 borough, Wandsworth, as a case study. As previously reported, Wandsworth is a baby-boom borough so we looked at the movement of 2,000 children in the 0-3 pre-school age bracket.

A clear pattern emerged with children moving in from other, mostly more central London boroughs and others moving out to more outlying areas.

Kid migration

The most common moves within London were to a neighbouring or nearby boroughs.

kid migration map

Half of all the movements out of Wandsworth were within London. The other half performed an exodus with the South East region proving the most popular destination.

kid migration national

So while the London exodus may be a familiar idea, a more complex pattern may be emerging of the spiral out from the centre that often fuels it.

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See also

Are you a north of the river or south of the river Londoner?

A London exodus? But wait, isn’t the population growing?

 

Mapping Londoners: Born in Wales

London’s 54,000 Welsh-born residents are quite evenly distributed across the city with 29 of the 33 boroughs having between 1,000 and 3,000.

The largest group is in Wandsworth, and western areas are slightly favoured with Richmond and Lambeth both proving popular, perhaps due to easier access than the east of the city to the M4 and a route to the land of their fathers over the Severn Crossing.

Born in Wales

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Mapping Londoners: Born in Australia

Australians coming to London traditionally headed to Earl’s Court, to such an extent that the area earned the nickname Kangaroo Valley.  But for those staying longer the neighbouring boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham, and Wandsworth are the prefered home over Kensington and Chelsea.

There are 54,000 Australian-born residents and more than 70% of them live in inner city boroughs.  The largest group is in Wandsworth, and in  Hammersmith and Fulham they are the third largest group of non-English born population, after French and Irish.

Born in Australia

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Mapping Londoners: Born in Scotland

People born in Scotland not only crossed the border when they came to London, many of them also crossed the river.

While the 90,000 Scottish Londoners are spread widely across the capital the 3 favourite boroughs are south of the river – Wandsworth, Lambeth and Bromley.

Scottish-born Londoners are the 8th biggest group by place of birth, just ahead of Jamaican-born Londoners. They outnumber their Celtic counterparts from Wales by nearly 2:1.

Born in Scotland

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London is more diverse than the UN or Fifa

 

Mapping Londoners: Born in Poland

Poland joined the EU in 2004 and unrestricted access to the UK meant workers began to arrive. More than 10 years on the Polish plumber has become almost a stereotype and there are Polish shops on many London high streets.

People born in Poland now make up the third largest group by place of birth in the city, behind English and Indian born people. There are 158,000 Polish-born Londoners

There are large Polish populations in most London boroughs, with the greatest number in Ealing, as well as Haringey, Brent and Hounslow. In Wandsworth and Merton they are the largest non-English born group.

Born PolandSource data

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London is more diverse than the UN or Fifa

 

 

 

 

Crime Report: Wandsworth

All major categories of crime are below average rates in Wandsworth with drugs offences, robbery and fraud all at least 30% below London-wide rates.

Wandsworth recorded 22,500 crimes in the 12-months ending March 2015, according to data from the Metropolitan Police, giving a rate of 71 crimes per 1000 people. This is 13% below the London average of 81.

Crime report Wandsworth

Within the major category data there is some less positive news. Wandsworth has the highest rate of car theft in London, as reported by Urbs. 1,052 cars were stolen in the 12 months to March 2015. That is 30% above the average rate and bike theft is 37% higher.

The picture is mixed for drug offences. While the overall rate is low the 145 cases of drug trafficking were 19% above average for London.

There were 2 murders in the period

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Where 22,000 cars were stolen in the capital last year

dreamstime_s_27170312Wandsworth is the car crime capital coming top of the list of the 32 boroughs where a total of 22,000 cars were stolen last year.  Wandsworth wins the accolade only narrowly as car theft is spread quite evenly across the city and only 5 boroughs have fewer than 500 cars stolen. In comparison, cycle theft is far more focused on central areas, perhaps reflecting  a higher number of inner city cyclists and where commuters leave their bikes for the day.

Data from the Metropolitan Police for the 12 months to March 2015 shows that car theft went up by 8% on the previous 12 months. 1,052 cars were taken in Wandsworth, and Newham was just 5 cars behind. But, as our map shows, the pattern of theft was quite evenly spread with a few more dark areas in the east than west.

Car theft

Lowest levels were in the south west but the safest place to park a car was Harrow, with just 195 taken in the period.

Bike theft is focused on the centre of the city. 17,300 cycles were stolen in the 12 months to March 2015, a fall of 7%.  Westminster was the most likely place to lose you bike, with 1,296 taken followed by Hackney with 1,282 stolen cycles. These 2 boroughs, plus Camden, Islington, Tower Hamlets, Southwark and Lambeth form a central ring that accounted for nearly half the cycle thefts.

Bike theft

After these areas the most worrying place to park your bike in a rack were the western boroughs of Wandsworth, Kensington and Chelsea, and Hammersmith and Fulham.

The outlying boroughs of Havering and Bexley saw the lowest bike theft figures.

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See also:

Tourists biggest users of Boris Bikes

Traffic constant, profits up – a congestion charge story

Crime map shows inner-outer divide

More than 700,000 crimes were committed in London in the past year. Urbs has constructed a map to show how crime is distributed across the capital, revealing the clear difference between inner and outer London.

Crime map

The average crime rate across the boroughs is 81 offences per 1000 people. The rate peaks in Westminster at 205 per 1000, but that is to be expected with all the workers, shoppers, tourists and revelers drawn to the area.

Camden, and Kensington and Chelsea have the highest rates after Westminster. In all the boroughs defined as inner London, except Wandsworth and Lewisham, crime is above the average rate. In all the outer boroughs it is below. Some of the outermost boroughs, such as Harrow, Bexley, Richmond and Sutton saw the lowest rates.

On Urbs London you’ll find more detailed breakdowns of the key crime statistics in each borough and how the distribution of certain offences differs across the capital. (See here)

 

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How London boroughs will rival the ‘Northern Powerhouse’

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The Chancellor, George Osborne, is very proud of his concept of the northern powerhouse. He first coined the phrase in Manchester last year and couldn’t help a smile as the Queen used the term in the state opening of parliament this week.

The idea is to build the economy of the cities in the North of England to rival London and the South East. There’s even a government minister for the northern powerhouse. But a look at the economic data shows the scale of the task and underlines the strength of London.

The Office for National Statistics uses GVA (Gross Value Added) to measure the contribution to the economy of each individual producer, sector or area in the UK. Using the latest data for 2013 Urbs compared the North West region of England, which includes Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Lancashire, Cheshire and Cumbria with the area classified as Inner London West, which includes the City of London and 5 boroughs – Westminster, Camden, Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Wandsworth.

North West of England Inner London West
Population 7.1 million 1.1 million
Total GVA £142 billion £151 billion
GVA per head £20,000 £136,000

The figures for Inner London West are inflated by the financial service activity of the City, but demonstrate its economic contribution. The per capita calculation may be unfair as many of the people involved in generating the output of the area in London may live elsewhere.

However, the figures for Inner London East – the 8 boroughs of Hackney, Newham, Tower Hamlets, Islington, Haringey, Lewisham, Southwark and Lambeth – are instructive. These boroughs represent some of the capital’s more deprived areas. The GVA for this area is £87 billion, which translates as £39,000 per head, nearly double that of the North West of England.

Developing a so-called northern powerhouse to redress the North/South divide is widely seen as a good ambition but the hard numbers show that London is likely to remain the real powerhouse of the UK economy.

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See also:

NY beats London in economic power