Murder map of London shows more killings north of the river

There were 92 murders in London in the 12 months ending in March 2015 and the highest rates were recorded in the central area of Westminster and 2 outer boroughs, Enfield and Ealing. Each had 6 murders.

Urbs has used the latest data from the Metropolitan Police to plot a murder map of the capital. It shows the second highest rate of 5 murders in the period in a group of north London boroughs – Brent, Haringey, Islington and Hackney. The 10 boroughs that had 4 or more murders were all north of the river.

Crime Murder map

No murders took place in Sutton and Bromley on the southern fringe of the capital or in Havering, on the eastern edge of London.

The murder map shows a different pattern to the map for overall crime. That shows higher crime levels in inner London and lower in the outer boroughs. The map for murder in the past year shows more of a north/south split.

Crime map

To put the London murder statistics in some context, in 2014 there were 328 murders in New York, and that was the lowest rate since 1963.

Source data

The data from the Metropolitan Police does not include the City of London, which has its own police service.

More crime reports

 

How London boroughs will rival the ‘Northern Powerhouse’

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The Chancellor, George Osborne, is very proud of his concept of the northern powerhouse. He first coined the phrase in Manchester last year and couldn’t help a smile as the Queen used the term in the state opening of parliament this week.

The idea is to build the economy of the cities in the North of England to rival London and the South East. There’s even a government minister for the northern powerhouse. But a look at the economic data shows the scale of the task and underlines the strength of London.

The Office for National Statistics uses GVA (Gross Value Added) to measure the contribution to the economy of each individual producer, sector or area in the UK. Using the latest data for 2013 Urbs compared the North West region of England, which includes Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Lancashire, Cheshire and Cumbria with the area classified as Inner London West, which includes the City of London and 5 boroughs – Westminster, Camden, Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Wandsworth.

North West of England Inner London West
Population 7.1 million 1.1 million
Total GVA £142 billion £151 billion
GVA per head £20,000 £136,000

The figures for Inner London West are inflated by the financial service activity of the City, but demonstrate its economic contribution. The per capita calculation may be unfair as many of the people involved in generating the output of the area in London may live elsewhere.

However, the figures for Inner London East – the 8 boroughs of Hackney, Newham, Tower Hamlets, Islington, Haringey, Lewisham, Southwark and Lambeth – are instructive. These boroughs represent some of the capital’s more deprived areas. The GVA for this area is £87 billion, which translates as £39,000 per head, nearly double that of the North West of England.

Developing a so-called northern powerhouse to redress the North/South divide is widely seen as a good ambition but the hard numbers show that London is likely to remain the real powerhouse of the UK economy.

Source data

See also:

NY beats London in economic power

Crowded London’s most crowded place is Islington

crowd zoom b&WLondon, like most big cities, can feel very crowded but how does the number of people you need to fight your way through on some streets relate to the number of Londoners living in the capital?

Using population data from the Greater London Authority Urbs mapped the city showing the density of residents across each borough.  There is a clear difference, as expected, between inner and outer London.  The amount of housing stock in a neighbourhood and the size of open space are key factors. Islington, one of London’s smaller boroughs, has the highest population density with 151 people per hectare.  Hackney and Tower Hamlets are not far behind.

Popultation density map

The most densely populated ward, (the neighbourhoods within a borough) is Colville ward in Kensington and Chelsea.  This area, which runs south of the Westway down each side of Portobello Road has 214 people per hectare.  The average for London is 55 and for England it is 4.

The borough with the largest number of people is Barnet with 393,000 residents according to GLA estimates for 2015.  Barnet’s population density is below the London average.

Havering and Bromley on the edge of London are the least densley populated boroughs.  The ward with the lowest density is Darwin, site of the the family home of it’s famous namesake. The area in the sourthern part of Bromley has a population density of 1.8 people per hectare and is largely farmland and woodland.

While the City of London is a hive of activity and people from Monday to Friday it has one of the lowest population densities in the capital as just 8000 people live within its square mile.

Soure data

See also:

Is our open space really open?

London drives UK population growth

Jobs concentrated in just 5 of London’s 33 boroughs

people on pavement gloomyNearly 40% of the 5.4 million jobs in London are concentrated in 5 central areas. Westminster dominates the workplace map with more than 700,000 jobs. The City of London ranks second and with the addition of Camden, Tower Hamlets and Southwark the 5 areas account for 2 million jobs.

There are far fewer jobs in the outer boroughs of the capital. Barking and Dagenham has the lowest with just 54,000 followed by Bexley in the south east, Sutton in the south and Waltham Forest in the north east. Hillingdon is the outer London borough that bucks the trend. With 213,000 jobs it is seventh in rank, just behind Islington. 80,000 of the jobs in Hillingdon are at Heathrow Airport.

Jobs per borought map

16% of the jobs in the capital are in the public sector, which is below the 19% national average. However some London boroughs are far more dependent on public sector employment than others. In a central corridor from Tower Hamlets west to Hounslow the public sector makes up a small portion of employment. But in Greenwich it accounts for 27% of jobs. The rate is also high in Newham, Lewisham, Redbridge, and Waltham Forest.

Jobs public sector

Source data:

Employment per borough data  Public sector employment per borough

See also:

Jobs growth shows changing face of work

Self employed map shows huge rise in parts of city

1 in 3 kids growing up in out-of-work households in parts of London

children legsChildren in Tower Hamlets and Islington are more than 4 times as likely to live in a home with parents who are out of work than those in Richmond.

A borough-by-borough breakdown compiled every May from data from the Department of Work and Pensions shows that 31% of children in both those inner London areas are living in homes where out-of-work benefits are claimed. The map below shows that this is not an exclusively inner city issue with 25% of children in out-of-work households in Enfield in the north, and 27% in Barking and Dagenham in the east.

In comparison, Richmond and Kingston in south west London have the lowest level of out-of work benefit households with children, followed by Harrow and Barnet.

Children out of work households map

338,00 children under 15 are in households claiming out-of-work benefits. London has a higher than average rate at 20%, compared to 18% for England, though since 2010 the rate has been declining and appears to be moving towards the national average. Unemployment rates in London have been static this year and are slightly higher than the national avearage, as reported by Urbs.

London is also seeing a reduction in the number of children being looked after by councils. While this has been historically high in London the rate has fallen below the rate for England since 2011.  It is currently 54 children per 10,000.  That means that in the last year a little over 10,000 children in London have been looked after by social services, children’s homes, foster parents or have been adopted.  Again there is a marked difference between the wealthier and poorer boroughs. In Richmond it is 20 children per 10,000. In Southwark the rate is 91 per 10,000 – that’s 550 kids.

Children looked after map

Source data

Children in Out of work households

Children in borough care

Low income students shine at A Levels

School Library copyStudents from poor and underprivileged families in London do better at achieving the key Level 3 target in A and AS levels than those across England.

Data gathered from the 32 London boroughs show that more than half the students who receive free school meals achieved 4 AS or 2 A levels compared with 36% in England generally.

Level 3 FSM YearlyLow-income families and those on benefits are eligible for free school meals. 19% of London students studying for A levels receive free meals. The national average for England is 9%. It is used by educationalists as a measure of deprivation.

In the grading system for qualifications 4 AS levels or 2 A levels is known as Level 3. London students who do not get free meals generally do better than the England average in achieving this target – 69% compared to 60%. But their record is outshone by students on free school meals.  They have been consistently outperforming the average for England by more than 40% for past 7 years.

Across the capital there is some variation in the results, though only one London borough, Havering, is failing to beat the national average. In Kensington and Chelsea 66% of students on free school meals are reaching Level 3.

The borough by borough break down shows that often it is the areas with larger number of students from underprivileged families who have the higher proportion getting 4 AS or 2 A levels. Tower Hamlets, Islington and Westminster have more free school meals students than Sutton, Kingston and Richmond, and they also see a higher proportion of them achieving Level 3.

Source data

 

Breast cancer screening lag

Breast cancer scan copyBreast cancer screening rates for London remain below the national average in England for the fifth year in a row. Data analysis by Urbs shows that 68.9% of eligible women aged 53-70 were screened last year. But that’s 9% below the rate for England as a whole.

London has managed to close the gap over the past five years. In 2007-08 London lagged 16% behind the national average.

The data is collected at borough level and shows a clear division in the capital between the performance of inner and outer London. The four best performing boroughs of Havering, Bexley, Bromley, Harrow all beat the average rate for England. The nine worse performing boroughs were all inner city. Islington came bottom, 24% below national average, followed by Kensington and Chelsea, 22% lower.

Islington’s performance has dropped year-on-year by 15%. During the same period the number of eligible women fell by 2%. Lewisham, Sutton, Croydon, Merton and Kingston also saw a drop in their year-on-year figures but all saw some increase in the numbers of eligible women.

671,463 women in London were eligible for breast cancer screening in 2014. Women aged 50-70 are offered the service as they are seen as the highest risk group who can benefit most through screening.

During the process a radiographer creates a special kind of X-ray called a mammogram, where an image of the breast is created by passing very low dose x-rays through the breast tissue.

In a study in 2011 Cancer Research UK estimated that screening saves the lives of approximately 1,300 women each year.

Source data
More information about breast cancer here.