Poland joined the EU in 2004 and unrestricted access to the UK meant workers began to arrive. More than 10 years on the Polish plumber has become almost a stereotype and there are Polish shops on many London high streets.
People born in Poland now make up the third largest group by place of birth in the city, behind English and Indian born people. There are 158,000 Polish-born Londoners
There are large Polish populations in most London boroughs, with the greatest number in Ealing, as well as Haringey, Brent and Hounslow. In Wandsworth and Merton they are the largest non-English born group.