Borough Profile: Croydon


There are 383,408 people living in Croydon, that’s 4.5% of the 8.6 million Londoners.

The average age of the population is 36.9 years old, that’s 1 year older than the London average. The under 16s in the borough outnumber the over 65s. Children and young people under 16 make up 22% of the population compared to 13% for the over 65s.

People who are black, Asian or of minority ethnic origin, BAME, represent 50% of the residents. 30% of the people living in Croydon were born abroad. The largest migrant group according to the last census is from India and makes up 4% of the population. The second largest group, based on the census is from Jamaica. More recently the largest number of migrants have come from Romania and Poland.


The median house price in the borough is £265,000.   Owner occupiers outnumber those who rent with 31% owning their home outright and a further 34% with a mortgage compared to 19% who rent privately and a further 17% living in social housing rented from the council or a housing association.

The council tax on a Band D property (the mid-tier cost in most local authorities) is £1,466.


The crime rate in Croydon is 77 crimes per 1,000 residents, which is lower than the London average of 84.

The Area

Croydon covers an area of 8,650 hectares compared to the biggest borough, Bromley, which covers more than 15,000. The smallest borough, not counting the City of London, is Kensington and Chelsea, which covers around 1,200 hectares.

Some 37% of the area is classified as green space. The average for London is 38%.


The employment rate in the Croydon is above the national average with 75% of people in work. The median annual salary for men is £34,236 and for women it is lower at £30,330.  The median income for a household in the borough is £45,120.

The workforce is among the less qualified in London with 41% of workers who are educated to degree level or above. 7% have no qualifications and 3% of young people under 25 are listed as NEETS (that’s not in education, employment or training).


There are 140,049 cars in the borough, which equates to 1.0 cars per household.  Croydon is rated as below average for public transport, based on an index compiled by Transport for London. According to Government data on physical activity, 6.8% of people cycle each month.

Health and Well-being

Men living in Croydon can expect to live until they are 80, for women life expectancy is 84 years. The borough has a death rate from what are considered to be preventable causes of 178.2 per 100,000 people. The national rate for England is 182.

Other health indicators show that 7% of people over 17 suffer from diabetes and 24% of children are classified as obese.

When asked in a Government survey to rate their satisfaction with life the average score of people in the borough was 7.1 out of 10, which is below average for London.

See other borough profiles

Source Data